Communism in India is now confined to Kerala and Tripura. But this ideology has to be studied in detail and their work along these years in breaking India.

The communist is primarily an anti-nationalist, secondly anti-God and tertially anti-Hindu. In socio-political practice, however, he as well as the communist parties sound more anti-Hindu than anything else. The reason could be that to speak against Nationalism would send a message of being anti-nationalist which might imply being anti-patriotic. On the other hand, to speak against God would hurt the sentiments of most people, including Muslims. The purpose therefore to be achieved is by speaking up against any socio-political movement which has a Hindu inspiration. In India, nationalism has to be aroused around Hindu ethos. The devout Muslim is a supranationalist. The Sunni, in particular, gives his supreme loyalty to a world UMMAH.

Iran is the only country which engages the sympathy of the Shias, because all other Muslim countries are dominantly Sunni. In any case, Islam has clear precedence over a nation. For the communist, the workers of the world are the Ummah., and the nation is looked upon as an instrument in the hands of the rich and the poor. Appropriately, the communist anthem has been a song called INTERNATIONALE. The result is that the supranationalist and the internationalist are allied following the dictum that an enemy’s enemy is a friend. Both are adversaries of nationalism and in India of the HINDU ETHO, which is the mainspring of the nationalist sentiment.

Before going further, it would be desirable to recall the track record of the communists in India during British days when one could afford to speak the work openly against nationalism. Go back to 9 August 1942 when Gandhi called upon the British to quit India. Overstreet and Windmiller in their book Communism in India, University of Berkeley, 1962 wrote the CPI (Communist Party of India) criticised the QUIT INDIA RESOLUTION AS MISGUIDED AND PERNICIOUS. Further more, NETAJI SUBHAS and his movement were condemned as a fifth column. The Indian Socialists were described as the advance guard of the Japanese Army.

In those days of 1942 and after, communist praise was showered on the Muslim League. An example of such appreciation in the words of the CPI Central Committee member Sajjad Zaheer is:


“It is good and fine tning, a happy augury, for Indian Muslims and for India as a whole that Muslim League continues to grow and gather around it millions of our liberty-loving people. In the increasing strength and capacity of the League to move the Muslim masses on the path of progress and democracy lies the salvation of millions of our Muslim countrymen…..By mid-1942, the party was expressly committed to the general view that India was a multinational entity, and that the unqualified right of self determination should be granted to each nationality. A Party statement of July asked: What can be the basis of our national unity? Recognition of the principles of self-determination including the right of separation, for all the nationalities that inhabit our great subcontinent.

A resolution of the September plenary meeting of the Central Committee definitively outlined the Party’s new orientations. Its critical passage was as follows> Every section of the Indian people which has a contiguous territory as its homeland, common historical tradition, common language, culture, psychological make-up, and common economic life would be recognized as a distinct nationality with the right to exist as an autonomous state within the free Indian Union or federation and will have the right to secede from it if it may so desire….Thus free India of tomorrow would be a federation or union of autonomous states of the various nationalities such as the Pathans, Western Punjabis (dominantly Muslims), Sikhs, Sindhis, Hindustanis, Gujaratis, Bengalis, Assamese, Beharies, Oriyas, Andhras, Tamils, Karnatakis, Maharashtrians, Kerala etc.

by RK Radhakrishnan

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