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WAS LORD HANUMAN JI WORSHIPPED IN ………LATIN AMERICA ?

WAS LORD HANUMAN JI WORSHIPPED IN ………LATIN AMERICA ?

JEWELS OF BHARATAM …….SERIES [TM]

Q. WAS LORD HANUMAN JI WORSHIPPED IN ………LATIN AMERICA ?

A. PROBABLY ….. COPAN IN “HONDURAS ” : Copán is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the Copán Department of western Honduras, not far from the border with Guatemala.

The Christian invaders …..not knowing hindu beliefs …believed this art to be of Howler monkey . Among the Classic Mayas, the howler monkey god was a major deity of the arts – including music – and a patron of the artisans, especially of the scribes and sculptors.As such, his sphere of influence overlapped with that of the Tonsured Maize God.

Based on its facial features, the stone sculpture of a seated writer found within the House of the Scribes in Copan is often described as a howler monkey. However, it is the two large statues of simian figures shaking rattles (see fig.), found on both sides of the ‘Reviewing Stand’ of Copan’s temple 11, that approach much more closely the standard representation of this animal in Maya art and in Long Count inscriptions (including the snakes in the corners of the mouth). Variously described as wind gods and, more recently, as ‘were-monkeys’ and ritual clowns, these statues may actually represent howler monkeys in their quality of musicians. A ceramic incense burner modelled like a howler monkey scribe has been found at Post-classic Mayapan.

At the time of the Spanish invasion, the monkey images continued to be venerated, although the role they played in mythological narratives diverged. Bartolomé de las Casas stated that in the Alta Verapaz, Hun-Ahan (probably ‘One-Woodcarver’) and Hun-Cheven (Hun-Chowen in the Popol Vuh) were counted among the thirteen sons of the upper god, and were celebrated as cosmogonic creator deities.

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Among the Quiché Mayas, they were less positively valued: According to the Popol Vuh, Hun-Chowen and Hun-Batz ‘One-Howler Monkey’ (both artists and musicians) clashed with their stepbrothers, the Maya Hero Twins, a conflict which led to their humiliating transformation into monkeys.

In the mantic calendar, Howler Monkey (Batz), corresponding to Spider Monkey (Ozomatli) in the Aztec system, denotes the 11th day, which is associated with the arts. In the Long Count (see Maya Calendar), the Howler Monkey can personify the day-unit, which connects him to the priestly arts of calendrical reckoning and divination, as well as to ritualistic and historical knowledge.

World Heritage Site of Copan ……Copán is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the Copán Department of western Honduras, not far from the border with Guatemala. It was the capital city of a major Classic period kingdom from the 5th to 9th centuries AD. The city was located in the extreme southeast of the Mesoamerican cultural region, on the frontier with the Isthmo-Colombian cultural region.

Copán was a powerful city ruling a vast kingdom within the southern Maya area.The city suffered a major political disaster in AD 738 when Uaxaclajuun Ub’aah K’awiil, one of the greatest kings in Copán’s dynastic history, was captured and executed by his former vassal, the king of Quiriguá. This unexpected defeat resulted in a 17-year hiatus at the city, during which time Copán may have been subject to Quiriguá in a reversal of fortunes

BY Rayvi Kumar

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