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BRAVE QUEEN NAIKIDEVI OF GUJRAT

BRAVE QUEEN NAIKIDEVI OF GUJRAT

JEWELS FROM THE ANNALS OF INDIAN HISTORY:
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BRAVE QUEEN NAIKIDEVI OF GUJRAT

DEFENDER OF GUJRAT FROM THE FORCES OF MOHAMMAD GHORI
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The region of Saurashtra and Kachchh was under the reign of Solanki Dynasty (an offshoot of the Chalukya Rajputs) established by Mularaj Solanki in the year 961 AD.In future it came to be ruled by his descendant Ajaypal who was married to Naikidevi daughter of Shivchitta Permardin – the Kadam dynasty chieftain who ruled Goa.After the death of the king, his son Mulraj II, still a boy barely in his teens ascended the throne. In reality, the reigns of the Kingdom were in the hands of the Queen Mother Naikidevi, while his uncle Bhimdeva II was the commander of the army.When the news of Sultan Ghori’s march accompanied by a vast army, reached the Royal Darbar of Gujarat, the wise queen mother dispatched her envoys to all the kingdoms of North including Prithviraj Chauhan.

Not much is available in the terms of historical records, but seems she found no allies except the Rai of Narwhala, who dispatched a troop of War Elephants.
Even in the time of great adversity however, when odds heavily favoured the enemy, the Queen-Mother Naikidevi decided to put up a fight and refused to bow down to the demands of surrender put forth by Sultan Ghori.

Despite being heavily outnumbered, she realised that she had one distinct advantage over the enemy- the geography of the region, and the fact that she could choose the time & place of the battle, and not the enemy.
She laid out her defenses accordingly, at the hilly passes of Gadaranghatta, near the village of Kayadra about forty miles to the north-east of Anhilwara, at the base of Mount Abu. By the time numerous small chieftains had joined her ranks and her army swelled in size despite still being outnumbered.

The choice of battlefield greatly evened the odds. By this battle of the passes, one is instantly reminded of the Battle of ‘Hot Gates of Thermopylae’ where 300 odd Spartans and their handful of Athenean allies successfully withstood the onslaught of the massive Persian Army.
When Ghori arrived, Naikidevi and her defenders were more than ready for him and his Gazhis.
Mounted on an elephant herself, with the young boy-king by her side, The brave Naikidevi led the charge herself.
By the the time the dust settled, Ghori was seen retreating towards the
desert of Multan, with only a handful of his bodyguards in tow.
The routing of his army was complete and thorough !

Some of the employed Ghuri court historians have deliberately omitted certain parts of this disastrous adventure but this deficiency is made up by Jaina sources.
Acharya Merutunga, famous Jaina Acharya and writer gives details of this encounter in his work called “Prabandha Chintanami”, he writes:-

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“Muhammad Ghuri advanced upon Gujarat in AD 1178 with a large army by way of Multan. The mother of young Mulraja, queen Naikadevi, the daughter of Parmardin of Goa, taking her son in her lap, led the Solanki army against the Turushkas and defeated them at “Gadararaghatta” near (Kayadra) at the foot of Mount Abu. Mulraja II was a minor at that time. There are two Sanskrit inscriptions of Gujarat, where Mulraja-II is invariably mentioned as the conqueror of Garjanakas [dwellers of Ghazni]. One inscription states that “even a woman could defeat the Hammira [Amir], during the reign of Mulraja II..”

The defeat left such a terrible dent on Ghori’s psyche that he never again dared to march towards Gujarat and instead planned of entering mainland India through Northern routes.

(P.S I added the pic for a more dramatic effect as i liked it a lot. Shows the power of women.)

by Donni Biswas

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4 comments

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  1. amit G
    amit G 30 December, 2015, 18:57

    Such brave Indian women should be Portrayed in our academic texts. She should be remembered same as Rani laxmibai…!!

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  2. ArunsolankI Adv,
    ArunsolankI Adv, 17 August, 2016, 15:11

    She was brave queen nd wasmy ancestor,she defeated Mohammadgori in the battlefield aroundinyear1175ad.our ancestor had settled1447 ad in Soron in Etah distt in up his name was king somdeb Solanki ,his succensor king manhandled had settled in sarsai naru village, in Utah distt.

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  3. ARUNSOLANKI ADVOCATE
    ARUNSOLANKI ADVOCATE 17 September, 2016, 13:56

    Correction.. previous comment king manhaldled, nd Utah distt wrong typed. The king Narbhandeb nd ETAH DISTT IN PLACE OF UTAH. I’ m her direct descendant, practicing distt court Agra.

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  4. arunsolanki
    arunsolanki 17 September, 2016, 15:24

    In previous comment king manhandled typed wrong, in its place king Narbhandeb be substituted, ETAH be substituted in place of Ulah distt, I m proud of being her direct descendant. The history of brave queue be inducted in syllabus of education.

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