Terrorism and World Peace

Terrorism and World Peace

Terrorism and World Peace                                                                                                                                                                                                                      What a heaven will it be with peace everywhere and no sign of slight violence around! The desire to stay safe and protected is perfectly normal and is one of the most basic of instincts of man. However, it would be incorrect to say that everybody is safe in this world. Statistically, it in proved that no country of the world is immune to crime and the worst form of it can be terror attacks. In recent human history, terrorism is widely recognized as the world biggest threat. It turns neighbors into enemies and has made our scientists and the whole world unsafe for living.

Terrorism with its destructive power has reshaped the world we live in. We now live in a world characterized by rising violence and conflicts. This, in turn, has led to a world of growing mistrust and fear, and represents a significant new threat to international, peace and security. Be it a superpower like United States of America or an emerging country like India, terrorism continues to spread its roots with no concrete solution. Terrorism is derived from the French reign of terror under Robespierre, when hundreds were sent to their deaths, often at the guillotine, in 1793-94 In recent times, it was the 9/11 attack on the twin towers in the United States which actually brought terrorism into the limelight and which could no longer be ignored by the international community.


There are a number of far reaching consequences of terrorism which must be understood clearly to know why nations are spending billions of dollars to root out terrorism from their land. Any terror attack leads to change in foreign policies affecting relationship of a nation with either its neighbor or some of its trade partners. The feeling of distrust and fear between countries is indeed disturbing considering that none many be at fault. A classic example is that of India and its neighboring country Pakistan which has time and again snapped trade ties after a terrorist attack, thereby blocking potential opportunities for mutual growth.


Terrorism often target governments and organizations. However, innocent civilians pay the price for it. Terrorism was traditionally carried out for religious reasons. It continues to be an important reason, but it is not the only one. Now, terrorism can be broadly categorized into two types: State Terrorism and State Sponsored Terrorism. State terrorism is where the state itself uses its power against its own people. Saddam Hussain, start sponsored terrorism is where one state uses non-state actors against another state e.g, ISI and LeT, JeM etc. there can be many reasons for people taking up this extreme path. Politically motivated reasons are being used for terrorist attacks. Religious causes is used to disturb peace and harmony between people of various religions and has often resulted in riots, and plain hostility between communities. Sometimes, terrorism can just be out of sheer jealousy or alienation and deprivation. This can cause frustration and aggression and which can ultimately end up as violence.



The ongoing situation of distrust and strife between India and Pakistan, Palestine and Israel, and the latest crisis in the Middle East starting with Iraq and Syria, has taken its toll on almost all the countries of the region. Terrorist attacks at Charlie Hebdo-Paris, mosque bombings in Yemen, Egypt- Russia plane firing, Syrian crisis, Pathankot attack are amongst many others that have recently highlighted the enormity of this menace. Organizations such as AL-Qaeda, Taliban, Indian Mujahideen, Lashkar-e-toiba and the latest organization like ISIS have become names synonymous to terrorism, both in east and the west. Names such as Saddam Hussain, Hafiz Saeed, Osama Bin-Laden, Dawood Ibrahim are amongst many others who have became notorious due to the myriad attacks for which they have been held responsible for across the world.


While India or any other country with a responsible government would wish to spend al least a substantial portion of its GDP expenditure on social and economic issues, unfortunately, it has to allocate a significant budget to defense in order to keep its borders safe and also ensure internal security. Troubled borders with its neighbors and the disturbance due to extremists within the country make it impossible to ignore terrorism. They have in fact become a national agenda as well as a perennial topic of discussion during multilateral meetings.


However, terrorism is also a result of countries not being able to provide enough means to its citizens to make a living. Lack of basic amenities and proper education push a person to poverty which leaves them with no option but to opt for crimes, and terrorism can be its extreme form. The anti-social elements use these opportunities to corrupt young minds by radicalization and make them a part of their bigger strategy to coerce, threaten or kill people for getting money. Hence, terrorism also is the result of countries not being able to achieve their desired potential due to such constraints.


Terrorism is a global threat and even though countries have come to recognize it, they have to work harder in order to ensure world peace is achieved. In order to achieve world peace, countries must come together to counter this growing menace and prevent violence, and bloodshed. We need to educate more and more people about being good and responsible citizens. It is certainly not an easy task for all the nations to adopt a global view. So, all of us would have to collaborate and reach a consensus on how to achieve their goal of a terror-free world. Restoration of world peace is the only lasting solution to many of the problem hampering the nations across the globe.

Essay Writing- Pavneet Singh & Sonali Bansal

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