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Karima Baloch spoke, Free Baloochistan from Pakistan: 11th of August independence day of Baloochistan,

Karima Baloch spoke, Free Baloochistan from Pakistan: 11th of August independence day of Baloochistan,

Karima Baloch spoke, Free Baloochistan from Pakistan: 11th of August independence day of Baloochistan,

Here are 10 key points that will help you understand the Balochistan conflict better.
1.
The annexation of Kalat

Balochistan has witnessed regular insurgencies since Pakistan annexed the autonomous Baloch state of Kalat in 1948. The state is now divided between Pakistan and Iran. The capital of the Pakistani province of Balochistan is Quetta.
2.
Multiple insurgencies

The Pakistan government has waged military campaigns against Baloch insurgencies in 1948, 1958-59, 1962-63, and 1973-77. The most recent conflict began in the early 2000s.
3.
A separate state

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There have been calls in Balochistan for a separate state independent from Pakistan. Naela Qadri Baloch has even appealed to the Indian government, asking it to intervene and liberate Balochistan from Pakistan.
4.
A vision for an independent Balochistan

She has told TOI that an independent Balochistan would be “nuclear free, terror-free, secular, democratic, pluralistic,” and “gender-balanced”
5.
Armed separatist groups

There are a number of armed separatist groups demanding independence from Pakistan. Prominent groups include the Balochistan Liberation Army and Lashkar-e-Balochistan.
6.
Systematic repression and marginalization

The Pakistan government is accused of engaging in systematic repression and marginalization of Balochs. Islamabad has reportedly detained thousands of Baloch nationalists, denied Balochs positions in government institutions and the military, assassinated democratic Baloch leaders, funded religious schools to fuel religious radicalization, and backed the Taliban in general elections to counter democratic Baloch leaders.
7.
Curbing press freedom

The Pakistan government is also accused of imposing extraordinary restrictions on press freedom. It has reportedly prevented the international media from reporting from conflict zones. In addition, foreign journalists working in the region have reportedly been physically assaulted by intelligence agents, or deported from Pakistan.
8.
‘Kill-and-dump’ policy

In May this year, Naela Qadri Baloch told TOI that Pakistan had “imposed” war on Balochistan, and that its human rights violations in the region had “reached the level of genocide.” Describing what she called a “kill-and-dump” policy, the activist said the Pakistan Army killed Balochs indiscriminately, abducted women and took them to rape cells, and had official torture cells. “They are using rape and dishonour as an instrument to crush a nation,” she said.
9.
Creating terror groups

Naela Qadri Baloch also alleged that Pakistan had created local al-Qaida and ISIS groups in the region, in the same way that it had once created al-Shams and al-Badr in Bangladesh.
10.
Siphoning resources

Pakistan is accused of siphoning Balochistan’s energy resources away from their rightful beneficiaries. While Pakistan gets most of its energy from Balochistan’s natural gas reserves, Punjab rather than Balochistan benefits from this fuel source.

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